© Foto: Yoth Seiyon

The visit of Angkor Wat is a highlight for tourists. The largest temple in the world is an important national symbol of the Khmer and attracts up to 6,000 daily visitors under its spell. Once the region was the center of power in Southeast Asia Angkor.

Around the temple were living more than a million people, significantly more than in any European city at the same time.  The majestic stone building was built in the 12th century under the rule Suryvarmans II.

From Hinduism to Buddhism

It took 30 years. Angkor Wat was originally a Hindu temple. The popular belief after the facility symbolizes the Hindu universe. The moat around the temple represents the primordial cosmic ocean, the temple walls represent the mountain ridge of the sacred Mount Meru, while the central tower represents the summit of the mountain. The distances between the different parts of the temple were calculated with the help of Hindu cosmology. The ruler Srindarvarmans, who had studied the Therevada Buddhism in Sri Lanka and brought to Angkor, transformed the building into a Buddhist temple.

Angkor: Small Curcuit and Grand Curcuit

During French colonial rule at the beginning of the 20th century the first tourists began to come to Angkor. Since the roads were not paved at that time, the tourists were led to a Curcuit Petit (Small Tour) and a Curcuit Grande (Grand Tour) around the facility. Visitors who do not bring as much time follow best the Petit Curcuit, 17km via a county road. Starting at Angkor Wat, it goes beyond the royal city of Angkor Thom with the fascinating Bayon temple, past the sandstone pyramid Ta Keo and Ta Prohm the temple of the jungle back to Angkor Wat.

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